If you have or suspect you have injured your superior tibiofibular joint, you should cease your activity or sport and begin initial treatment to control any swelling and to limit the severity of the symptoms. The most important time in the treatment of any injury is the first 24–48 hours. Swelling is a necessary step in the healing process; however, too much swelling can delay healing and cause further tissue damage. To control the amount of swelling and limit the degree of damage to the superior tibiofibular joint, the RICE regime should be commenced (Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation). This will help to reduce blood flow to the injured area, thereby, reducing the extent of swelling and tissue damage.
Rest involves ceasing your activity or sport, and limiting the amount of weight you put through your leg. Crutches may be required if you are having difficulty walking.
Ice should be applied to the injured site for 15–20 minutes every 1–2 hours. Ideally, it should be applied using crushed ice wrapped in a moist cloth or towel.
Compression involves the application of a firm elastic bandage around your knee and leg. It should be firm but not tight enough to cause pain.
Elevation involves lying with your knee and leg resting comfortably on a chair or pillows so that it is above the level of your heart. You should continue the RICE regime until you consult a sports medicine professional, preferably within two days of the initial injury.